A free trade agreement can be reached by the end of 2020, but it is highly unlikely. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said last week that the two countries could conclude negotiations for a new trade deal by January 1. The intra-Belgian disagreement was resolved in the last days of October and paved the way for CETA to be signed. On 28 October, the Belgian regional parliaments authorized full jurisdiction to the federal government and the following day Foreign Minister Didier Reynders signed his signature on behalf of Belgium.   The following day, Sunday 30 October 2016, the treaty was signed by Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, European Council President Donald Tusk, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker and Slovakia`s Prime Minister Robert Fico (Slovakia chaired the Council of the European Union in the second half of 2016).  Trade on a similar basis to Australia would therefore, to a large extent, be the same as trade under WTO rules. In other words, it is another way of saying that the United Kingdom would leave without trade agreements. Ceta is not quite zero-rated, but it removes about 98% of tariffs (import taxes) on goods traded: poultry, meat and eggs are the exceptions. However, it does not remove regulatory barriers (and the resulting border controls), since Canada is not a member of an internal market.
The Czech Republic, Romania and Bulgaria had stated that they would not approve the agreement, which will, in effect, pass to the entire agreement until the visa requirement is lifted for their citizens entering Canada.  All other EU countries have already been visa-exempt in Canada. The visa requirement for the Czech Republic was lifted on 14 November 2013.   Following Canada`s written commitment to cancel the visa requirement for Bulgarian and Romanian nationals visiting Canada for business and tourism by the end of 2017, Canada repealed the visa requirement for Bulgarian and Romanian citizens on December 1, 2017.  In the services sector, CETA is one of the most extensive agreements the EU has concluded and takes into account sectors such as telecommunications and tourism.